In some instances, women are allowed to marry at 14 years old. Once two people are married, their ages are no longer a concern and sex is legal. Consensual same-sex relations are criminalized in Pakistan. With regard to the age of consent, this means that it is illegal to marry a person under 20 without written parental permission.

This provision – Article 372bis – was added in 1965 and repealed in 1985. It doesn’t matter if you’ve hooked up before or even if you said yes earlier and then changed your mind. You’re allowed to say “stop” at any time, and your partner needs to respect that.

The Icelandic Penal Code Archived 17 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine202. “Estonia approves law raising age of sexual consent to 16”. Vatican City requires its laws to operate in accordance with Catholic canon law. Within Vatican City and the Catholic faith, all sex outside of the sacrament of marriage is illicit regardless of the age or willingness of those who engage in it.

Sections 9–12 define offences against a child under 13, or a child under 16 whom the defendant does not reasonably believe is 16 or over. Under section 13, these offences carry a lower penalty of 5 years’ imprisonment when committed by a person under 18. All countries have established a minimum age under which engaging in sexual intercourse with a child is considered a criminal offence. Roughly half of the Member States add exceptions, making intercourse lawful if the partners are of similar ages or the age difference is not higher than a certain number of years. This follows the CRC Committee’s request for States to “avoid criminalizing adolescents of similar ages for factually consensual and non-exploitative sexual activity” (General Comment No. 20).

It is rare that prosecution would be brought against persons aged 13 or over engaging in sexual intercourse/activity willingly, as long as all persons involved were of similar age, and it did not involve other matters such as violence, abuse or blackmail. Since September 2007, the age of consent was formally equalised as part of the Penal Code of September 2007. Homosexual acts were legalised for the first time in Portugal in 1852, with an equal age of consent at that time – although homosexuality was again re-criminalised in 1886.

Click any country for details, or view countries with the highest & lowest ages of consent. A concern that young girls were being sold into brothels led Parliament to raise the age of consent to 13 in 1875 under the Offences against the Person Act 1875. After W. T. Stead’s Maiden Tribute articles, the Criminal Law Amendment Act 1885 raised the age of consent to 16. The United Kingdom consists of the jurisdictions of England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland. UK national age of consent legislation does not apply to its dependencies, but they all have it set as 16. The age of consent in Switzerland is 16, as specified by the Swiss Federal Criminal Code, Article 187.

The Criminal Code of the Russian Soviet Federal Socialist Republic stated that consent was when “sexual maturity” was reached. It was set to 16 years old in 1996 when the Criminal Code of Russia was established, lowered to 14 years old in 1998, and then raised again to 16 in 2003. However, articles 134 and 135 of the Criminal Code, which lay out the terms for statutory rape, state that the offender must be 18 or older to be legally liable, thereby establishing roughly the same protections that a close-in-age clause would establish. The minimum age of marriage for men is 18, and for women, it is 16.

In 1995, the sodomy age of consent became 18 (under the Sexual Offences Law 1995). In 2007, the age of consent was lowered to 16, became gender-neutral for all sexual conduct ; regardless of sexual orientation or gender. From 1977 to 1994, sexual acts between men of any age was encantada meaning a criminal offence in Serbia, although the law has never been applied. Then in 1994, the age of consent was 18 just for anal sex between males; any male performing anal sexual conduct with another male, is punishable by up to 1 year in prison, 16 for all other sexual conduct.

Until 1998, homosexual acts between men were entirely forbidden under Section 171 . In 1989, Alecos Modinos, president of the Cypriot Gay Liberation Movement, brought a case to the European Court of Human Rights. In 1993, the Court held that the prohibition of homosexual acts was a violation of Article 8.